The coldest thinking industry 40 is not the Intern

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Cold thinking: industry 4.0 is not the "Internet thinking" of manufacturing industry

cold thinking: industry 4.0 is not the "Internet thinking" of manufacturing industry

China Construction machinery information

in recent years, more and more new concepts have filled our ears, from the enclosure movement of local governments, flocking to "smart cities", to casually adding a QR code label to become "IOT"; From the original data analysis under the banner of "big data" to the so-called "Internet thinking", which is said to cure all diseases, has been highly praised by various industries in the past two years

25mm × 25mm × 2=1250mm2=12.5cm2; Now everyone hopes to find that "tuyere". Even fat pigs and lean meat are looking forward to blowing in one breath. It seems that we have entered the era of "hype concept"

generally speaking, the concept of stock market speculation is based on people's expectations; Startups are keen to invent new words for more money. Now, this conceptual wind is immersed in the real economy of the motherland

since last year, "industry 4.0" has unconsciously stirred everyone's attention. In the cold and bleak days of China's manufacturing industry, it seems to have found a shortcut that can be full of blood and resurrect, and even finish its work in the first battle. Then we also put forward the grand blueprint of "made in China 2025". However, when you think about it carefully, although industry 4.0 is indeed useful to China's industrial manufacturing industry, the actual effect is very limited

Germany and the United States advocate taking advantage of the trend

Germany proposed industry 4.0, because in their view, their industry has experienced 1.0 automation, 2.0 electrification, 3.0 informatization. Now, at the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution, it is necessary to use Internet technology to realize industrial intelligence

therefore, the Federal Ministry of education and research and the Federal Ministry of economics and technology jointly funded the formation of industry 4.0, which has been upgraded to a national strategy with the advice and promotion of the German Academy of engineering, Fraunhofer Association, Siemens and other German academic and industrial circles

the purpose is very simple, which is what we often call cost reduction and efficiency increase, so as to continue to occupy the manufacturing highland in the Internet era

Germany's manufacturing industry is at the top level in the world, so it is not surprising that it took the lead in proposing the future oriented 4.0 strategy in order to hold its leading edge and not be surpassed by China, which is a rising country

coincidentally, the United States has also put forward its own concept of "industrial interconnection" strategy, which was first described by American GE CEO Immelt in his speech as an open and global network that connects people, data and machines. After the industrial revolution and the Internet revolution, the industry has entered the stage of industrial interconnection, with the goal of upgrading those key industrial fields

Why did the two traditional manufacturing powers put forward new slogans one after another? The reason is that after the financial crisis, developed countries realized that they must pay attention to the importance of the real economy. The United States proposed to return the manufacturing industry to the United States, which of course refers to high-end manufacturing

this is the development inevitability of its new slogan and strategy. And the feasibility? Whether Germany or the United States, it has long achieved the level of large-scale automation, electrification and even information production of industrial agriculture. It is in the stage of industry 3.0, that is, the foundation is solid, and then it is inevitable and logical to cover it layer by layer

so, can we introduce industry 4.0 and raise it to the height of our national strategy in line with the reality of China's manufacturing industry

China is not in the stage of scale development

first of all, should we make clear that we belong to 3.0

although there are also some "big" enterprises in China's manufacturing industry, it is undeniable that so far our manufacturing industry is mainly concentrated in the middle and low-end links, with low technology content and labor-intensive. For example, in terms of automation level, at present, China has 23 robots per 10000 workers, while the number in Germany is 273, and that in Japan and South Korea is 300, which lags behind the level of developed countries as a whole, Automation has not yet been completed, why do we talk about intellectualization

due to the low level of automation, our manufacturing industry is still a labor-intensive industry. In the past three decades, relying on the advantage of low human cost, it has occupied the middle and low-end manufacturing market. This brings another problem. The purpose of measures such as industry 4.0, intelligent factory and intelligent logistics is to liberate manpower and reduce manpower

it is conceivable that as a country with a large labor force population, how should the government arrange the eliminated workers at that time? The low employment rate will naturally bring hidden dangers to social stability

the core behind 4.0 is what the Germans call CPS (information physical system), which realizes intelligent transformation by making full use of the combination of information communication technology and cyberspace virtual system

the next problem is that independent research and development technology must keep up. Chinese enterprises often rely on imported advanced equipment, fully automatic production lines, and advanced robots. If they still rely on external technical resources, our 4.0 is at best the export market of German technology

in the final analysis, the real driving force behind the promotion of industry 4.0 is the business owners, regardless of the basic factors such as employment and technical ability. If there is no huge benefit to the enterprises, no matter how the government appeals for encouragement, it is impossible to achieve this goal. Many export-processing enterprises in the southern coast are struggling in the cold winter after the financial crisis: enterprise closures and capital withdrawal

at this time, business owners should invest a lot of money to introduce intelligent equipment, and do not use relatively cheap manpower. It sounds "unreliable" anyway. Enterprises are chasing profits. Compared with the vital interests of life and death, the strategic slogan of "tall and high" is still far away

this year's government work report formally proposed the plan of "interconnection +" and also mentioned the plan of made in China 2025. In recent days, the most enthusiastic about "Internet +" is basically Internet enterprises, which makes everyone feel that Internet + has actually been jointly tested with two of the four major German auto companies, namely +, Taobao +. It is easy to create an illusion that relying on network service providers alone can lead China to achieve comprehensive industrial upgrading and competitiveness improvement

obviously, Internet enterprises are inherently endowed with genetic advantages of momentum and publicity, but now, when the interconnection is gradually pushed back from the service retail industry close to consumers to the industrial manufacturing industry in the production field, what is needed at this time is precisely not the cool words and all kinds of hype that the Internet bosses spit all over the sky, but really understand the rules of hardware production, Internet people who go deep into the factory workshop to carry out the most basic changes

domestic enterprises should not over hype

the development of industrial manufacturing has its own laws, and we must practice our internal skills step by step. German industry is standing at 3. When working, the temperature rise of the former is far lower than that of the latter It is only at the door of 0 that we talk about 4.0, and our own development level is still uneven. A few large enterprises can fully follow up the pace of 4.0, so as to distinguish the tension and compression of the cross-section, and adopt corresponding bending tension and bending compression elastic modulus to drive the overall progress of the industry. However, this does not mean that most medium and low-end enterprises can also achieve the "great leap forward" of industrial upgrading. We can shorten the time on the road that western industrial countries have traveled for a century, But you can't skip grades

at this stage, domestic enterprises should not over hype "industry 4.0", nor turn this imported product into another "Internet thinking". They always dream of holding this sharp weapon, and then they can ascend to the sky step by step, catch up with the beauty of the Premier League, and become a kind of impetuous business culture phenomenon

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