Development status of the hottest international ba

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International bar code technology development status

United States

the United States was the first to implement the bar code system. By 1986, 90% of manufacturers had printed UPC bar code marks on their products, and more than one third of supermarkets had adopted bar code automatic identification system. The commodity sales management system (POS) has been established not only in the food industry, but also in clothing, shoes and hats and professional stores, and has achieved good social and economic benefits. By the end of 2002, there were 277725 barcode system members in the United States, and the barcode automatic scanning stores (POS

) covered all wholesale and retail enterprises. According to the estimation of the international retail store association in 1975, after the establishment of the POS system in the supermarkets in Washington, the usual workload has been reduced by 25% - 30%, saving us $100million per year. Bar code technology is now widely used in industrial production lines, warehouse management, posts and telecommunications, freight stations, wharves, customs, hospitals, books and documents and other fields. The United States has also developed Marine Containers - production, quantity and price. We have also achieved the concept of relative quality and price, and the bar code system of trinity of data and communication. Barcode experts in the United States said that the application of barcode in various fields has reduced the "time difference" and "regional difference" of information feedback between production, supply and sales to almost zero. Through the information system connected with wholesalers, distributors and retailers, the products produced by manufacturers can immediately know the details of which products are sold in which region, which store and how much in which period of time. After analysis, they can make an instant response in terms of production and sales flow, so that they are extremely fast, agile and shortened to time, even minutes and seconds. Bar code has brought people into the information society, and the information society cannot lack bar code


Japan established the "Committee for promoting classification systematization" as early as September 1970, and drafted and published the "basic policy for classification systematization" in September of the second year, which includes: the plan for systematic treatment of classification; Systematic plan of item classification; Plans for developing standards and specifications; Systematic plan of regional classification; Guide to cargo type system, etc., that is, the study of unified processing code began. At the same time, they inspected the UPC system in the United States and determined to promote the application of EAN bar code system. First, the POS system was popularized and applied to unify the data, and then the production code was unified. The development of Japan's ean system has been guided by the ean organization and the strong cooperation and support of the Japanese government, industrial organizations, companies, groups, enterprises and other relevant parties. A large number of isolated codes have been converted into unified codes, and the unified scope has been continuously expanded, and remarkable social and economic benefits have been achieved. At the end of 2002, about 114266 manufacturers in Japan used ean bar code to identify their products, enabling Japanese goods to enter supermarkets, automatically scanned department stores and professional stores all over the world, supporting it to become a major foreign trade exporter

due to the small number of data channels to be measured in this experiment, New Zealand

New Zealand is a country that popularized the application of bar code technology earlier, and the New Zealand article coding association was established in 1981. After completing the construction of EAN bar code system, they turned to the in-depth development of bar code technology and established the scanning sales data exchange Committee. The feedback of basic sales data from retail stores is an important part of the agreement signed by ean member countries (regions). New Zealand took the lead in setting up the committee, and appointed New Zealand AGB as the division responsible for the settlement company's outstanding contributions to the revitalization of Luozhuang district's economy over the years. As of 2002, 1900 more users have participated in data exchange. They receive computer reports from 50 supermarket organizations every four weeks to provide product sales information of various manufacturers. Through analysis, the manufacturer can accurately understand the flow direction, sales volume, timeliness of sales and price dynamics of commodity sales, provide a basis for the manufacturer to adjust the production plan in time, and provide a basis for the seller to adjust the sales and purchase plan, so that both sides have achieved significant benefits. New Zealand has opened up a new field for the application of bar codes in all walks of life in the establishment of scanning sales data services

other developed countries

Australia had 14727 barcode system members by the end of 2002

by the end of 2002, the number of bar code system members in France had reached 47363

by the end of 2002, the number of members of the bar code system in Germany had reached 121868

the product coverage rate of bar code identification is basically covered by all products that should adopt bar code identification in economically developed countries. Commercial POS, commodity logistics centers, commodity distribution centers, large commercial cities, chain stores and family stores have basically become POS, and automatic identification technology and equipment have formed an independent industry. At present, the development focus of bar code technology in countries around the world, especially in economically developed countries, is deepening, and the application field is expanding, so as to ensure the application of bar code identification in various fields and working environments. The international article coding Association and some economically developed countries have shifted their development direction from simply promoting the bar code identification of articles to the development, promotion and application of electronic data interchange (EDI) in the field of production and circulation. Some economically developed countries and regions have invested a lot of money to establish an electronic data exchange system that connects regions or industries, domestic or international. The carbonization temperature of general MOF materials needs to exceed 500 degrees Celsius, so as to improve the modern management level and competitiveness in international trade. Some leading countries or regions in the world have achieved very obvious results in the promotion and application of various industries. As the bar code technology is developing in depth and breadth, it has promoted the development of bar code automatic recognition technology and equipment, and many new technology and equipment continue to appear

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