Safety protection measures for the most popular pr

2022-07-27
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Safety protection measures for blasting engineering

in order to standardize the management of blasting procedures in road construction, enhance the safety awareness of management personnel and construction personnel, and ensure the safe and smooth progress of blasting construction, the following preventive measures are proposed:

1. Apply for

before receiving blasting equipment, each blasting team must make statistics on the blast holes loaded on the day, report the accurate amount of explosives, detonators and other blasting materials, and apply after verification

2. Receiving

blasting materials must be signed by the team leader, blaster and materialman. After being approved by the blasting office, the blaster of the team shall receive them in person. Loading and unloading personnel who have entered the warehouse, which is a breakthrough in this technology, are strictly prohibited to carry kindling materials, ignition sources, inflammables, explosives and electrified articles. If any, they must be handed over to the guards for temporary custody. Blasting equipment shall be handled with care during loading, unloading and handling. It is not allowed to open the package at will. It is strictly prohibited to throw, drag or step on it. The packing box shall not be placed upside down or on the side

3. Transportation

during transportation, the driver and passengers shall not carry any kindling, fire source, inflammable, explosive and charged articles that can be used in multi-layer structures. Smoking is strictly prohibited to ensure the safety of explosives during transportation. The transport vehicles must be escorted by the safety officer of the blasting office and the blaster of the team. The vehicles are strictly prohibited to stop in the middle without any reason. The blasting products must be immediately delivered to the construction site and stacked neatly. Blasting materials shall not be unloaded to the living quarters of workers or places endangering the personal safety of workers. After the blasting articles are delivered from the warehouse, detonators, explosives and fuse must be loaded and transported separately, and mixed loading is strictly prohibited

4. Return procedure

if there is any surplus of blasting products received by each blasting team on the same day, they must be returned to the warehouse on the same day. If there is any blasting team in violation of the provisions, the blasting office will order it to stop work. Taizhou has become the largest plastic product production base and plastic mold production base in China, and impose economic fines on the team. And the remaining amount of explosives and detonators on that day shall not exceed 10% of those received on that day; otherwise, the team shall be fined 100 yuan

blasting materials shall be escorted by the blaster of the team when they are returned to the warehouse. No kindling, ignition source, inflammable, explosive and live goods shall be brought into the warehouse area. Smoking is strictly prohibited. It is strictly prohibited to return the processed detonators or unpacked explosives (referring to the damage of the wax sealing paper cylinder of box explosives). The processed detonators shall be removed or destroyed under the supervision of the safety officer of the blasting office before returning to the warehouse

5. If it is found that there are privately purchased, hidden, used or intercepted explosives, the team shall be required to stop work immediately and fined more than 5000 yuan. At the same time, it shall be reported to the public security organ to arrest the party immediately

6. Safety monitoring

a. as the main person in charge of safety management of the project, the engineering technology department shall issue a technically feasible scheme for the project to be blasted. Before blasting, necessary safety disclosure shall be carried out for blasting personnel. During blasting, the blasting professional safety officer must supervise and guide on site

b. the charging wiring must be operated by the designated staff, and other irrelevant people must be cleared out of the site. In case of improper handling, the on-site supervisor has the right to require them to stop work. It is an indirect speed change device for the auxiliary motor

c. blasting materials shall be strictly inspected by the quality inspection department and the machine and material department before being delivered out of the warehouse. Only after being approved can they be delivered out of the warehouse

d. report to the supervising engineer after the completion of blasting preparation. Blasting can be carried out only after approval

e. before blasting, the blasting team shall set up a safety warning area, which shall be guarded by specially assigned personnel. It is strictly prohibited for idle personnel and vehicles to enter. If the warning setting is improper, the blasting office has the right to order it to stop work

f. the specific blasting shall be operated by the blaster himself. The blaster must hold the blasting certificate approved by the public security organ

g. if the explosives loaded on the day fail to detonate due to technical reasons or calculation errors, many people must be assigned to guard the site at night to prevent the loss of blasting materials

in the process of safety supervision, there should be three changes in the ideology of supervisors: from mainly supervising and inspecting the construction site to urging enterprises to establish a safety assurance mechanism; From simply focusing on the management of the construction unit to the supervision and management of the safety behaviors of all parties involved in the construction; From general supervision and inspection at ordinary times to monitoring and inspection of important parts and links of the project, pay close attention to weak links, carry out special treatment, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of all parties involved in the construction, and pay close attention to joint management, so as to improve the effect of safety supervision. Strengthen supervision, strictly control, and be meticulous, ruthless, accurate and practical. Supervisors shall have a high sense of work, strengthen safety supervision, strictly control, and ensure that everything has standards and inspection basis. Strengthen the combination of patrol inspection and follow-up inspection, change the control after the event into prevention in advance and control during the event. Take the result as the management factor, implement the principle of prevention first, and implement the prevention and control of the whole process. In particular, focus on monitoring the dangerous points of accidents, eliminate the hidden dangers of safety accidents at the construction site, eliminate the hidden dangers of safety accidents in the bud, and fundamentally reduce the probability of casualty accidents. Supervision should be carried out in four words: meticulous, ruthless, accurate and practical. Details: carefully inspect the key parts and links of the construction site, and meticulously improve the quality of supervision and inspection; Ruthless: insist on rectification of the identified hidden dangers of accidents, and never be soft hearted; Standard: in accordance with relevant national and local policies and regulations, aim at potential accidents at the construction site, carefully investigate and strictly control them, and prevent them before they happen; Reality: check the safety data on the construction site to be true, complete and timely

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